Chapter 11 Outline

Life History Traits as Components of Fitness

  • Costs of reproduction
  • Fitness in age-structured populations
  • Senescence

Evolution of the Population Growth Rate and Density

  • Diverse life histories
  • Number of offspring
  • Life histories and mating strategies

Specialists and Generalists

  • Advantages of specialization
  • Specialization without trade-offs
  • Experiments on niche evolution